ZG boiler

Home > Product knowledge

Steam Boiler Working Principle

What Is a Steam Boiler?

A steam boiler is an enclosed vessel that provides a means for combustion heat to be transferred to water until it becomes heated water or steam. The hot water or steam under pressure is then usable for transferring the heat to a process. Water is a useful and inexpensive medium for transferring heat to a process. When water at atmospheric pressure is boiled into steam its volume increases about 1,600 times, producing a force that is almost as explosive as gun powder. This causes the boiler to be an equipment that must be treated with utmost care.
The steam boiler system comprises of a feed water system, steam system and fuel system. The feed water system provides water to the boiler and regulates it automatically to meet the steam demand. Various valves provide access for maintenance and repair. The steam system collects and controls the steam produced in the boiler. Steam is directed through a piping system to the point of use. Throughout the system, steam pressure is regulated using valves and checked with steam pressure gauges. The fuel system includes all equipment used to provide fuel to generate the necessary heat. The equipment required in the fuel system depends on the type of fuel used in the system.

Working Principle of Steam Boiler

The basic working principle of steam boiler is very simple and easy to understand. The steam boiler is essentially a closed vessel inside which water is stored. Fuel (generally coal, oil, gas, biomass) is burnt in a furnace and hot gasses are produced. These hot gasses come in contact with water vessel where the heat of these hot gases transfer to the water and consequently steam is produced in the boiler. Then this steam is piped to the turbine of thermal power plant. There are many different types of boiler utilized for different purposes like running a production unit, sanitizing some area, sterilizing equipment, to warm up the surroundings etc.

Steam Boiler Working Principle.jpg

Steam Boiler Efficiency

The percentage of total heat exported by outlet steam in the total heat supplied by the fuel(coal) is called steam boiler efficiency.

Steam boiler efficiency(%)=Heat exported by outlet steam/Heat supplied by fuel*100

It includes with thermal efficiency, combustion efficiency & fuel to steam efficiency. Steam boiler efficiency depends upon the size of boiler used. A typical efficiency of steam boiler is 80% to 88%. Actually there are some losses occur like incomplete combustion, radiating loss occurs from steam boiler surrounding wall, defective combustion gas etc. Hence, efficiency of steam boiler gives this result.

Pre: AFBC Boiler Technology

Next: how much natural gas is required to produce 1 ton of steam?

Inquiry for this product
  • Please enter the product you need!



Want to contact us?